Every industry is evolving as the seasons go by. And the construction industry is no different. So, in this article, we'll run through 2021 construction trends to take note of.
With the money spent on private constructions in the United States reaching $992 billion in 2018 and predictions indicating more expense, we should take caution.
Now, many construction outfits use new technologies that reduce cost, wastage, and time in the long run.
Meanwhile, trends in the construction industry this year have also been heavily influenced by the impact of the coronavirus.
Although many of us feared that machines will soon take up job positions in many industries. The pandemic has hastened that process as we can't afford many people cramped up on the construction sites.
Also, application of new technology makes work faster and cheaper in the absence of adequate labor. But the question is: What are these trends that you should take note of in 2021?
● Living Materials
● Remote technology
● 3D Printing
● Modular Construction
● BIM Design Technology
The use of living materials provides several advantages to construction works. With the use of living materials, we get the following advantages
● Lightweight construction
● Increase in structural performance
● Resist harsh environments
Living materials are composite construction materials. They incorporate living materials with non-living materials to make sustainable materials that have a less negative impact on the environment and promote the structural integrity of building materials.
The use of living materials is new and at the forefront of researches throughout the world. However, many companies have put them to use and the results are promising now, and even for the future.
The use of living materials means that we now have bricks that can grow themselves and some other materials that heal themselves when they incur any damage.
The basis of living materials is bacteria or fungi. And a specific and popular type is mycelium composites.
The use of remote technology is most important in survey construction projects. For such surveys, we usually employ drones. For instance, with a drone flying high in the air, supervisors can view the project aerially. With such a view the supervisors can quickly detect faults and poor safety scenarios. Asides detection of faults, the view that drones allow helps to survey the project.
Hence, project managers can track the progress of the work going on.
Now, drones are not the definition of remote technologies. Remote technologies involve the monitoring of projects without active physical supervision but drones do the most to make this possible.
Although safety isn't much of an advancement in technology, it cannot be compromised. The construction industry remains one of the industries with significant casualties on-site. So anything that we can do to reduce the death and injury rates is welcome.
With the advent of the novel coronavirus, safety regarding the proximity of workers is paramount. And considering a third wave that has been predicted to be more deadly construction methods and techniques to help mitigate the virus is coming up. Hence, going forward, construction industries will tend to separate workers and introduce techniques that will enhance social distancing.
The downside to this is that there will be less workers; hence, less employment. However, specialized tools and techniques might reduce the cost of construction for the project manager. One of such techniques is with 3D printing
With three-dimensional printings, there is less need for site workers. With this technology, you can create 3Dimensional objects from a digital design. Hence, all you need is a designer who can work with 3D software applications and the machines will print.
Rather than load the payroll with lots of workers, purchasing the necessary equipment, for 3D printing on-site will do.
Now, 3D printing wasn't invented to manufacture construction models alone. Many other disciplines use 3D printing in their work for products. Such as
We refer to the 3D printing system in the construction industry as construction 3D printers.
According to experts, 3D printings will reduce the negative impact of the construction sector on the environment. The reason for this minimal impact on the environment is that we can use more recycled materials.
With modular construction, the construction processes can become much faster. The prospects of lightning-speed construction are enviable. People need to build things every day. So, the faster the better.
This is how modular construction works: we produce sections of the structure away from the site. When we transport the sections to the site, there are placed in their appropriate position with the necessary installation techniques. Some of the perks of modular technology are:
● Low cost of labor
● It saves time.
● The process is resistant to bad weather conditions.
● Less wastage
Since the production of the sections can be anywhere offsite, construction enterprises can seize the opportunity of making their sections in locations where labor is cheap. For instance, modular construction would be suitable for construction taking place in a major city where skilled labor is expensive.
Onsite construction is sequential. For instance, substructures go before the superstructure. However with modular construction, while the foundation is going on site, we can manufacture the superstructure elsewhere.
Taking manufacturing off the site also presents the opportunity of using controlled environments. Here weather doesn't have to play a factor.
In fact, there is little to no waste when modular construction is incorporated into the construction process. According to a recent study, we can save about 90 percent wastage form modular constructions.
BIM Design Technology
No way, we've had BIM tech way before now.
Yes, that's true but the use of BIM is going ahead even stronger. And that is why it makes this list.
In architecture, for instance, CAD is relevant but BIM is also relevant and taking the place of computer-aided designs fast. Rather than a mere graphic representation of the structures which is what CAD is, BIM does more.
With building information model designers can now view their structures virtually — revealing what it would look like and how it can perform when placed in the planned environment and conditions.
Because of the high technology incorporated in BIM technology, it is very intelligent and allows designers to build efficient structures. It is important to note that the software's used these days have the basic CAD functions and also have BIM technologies to go with. This means that there is a smooth transition between CAD designs and the BIM technology
All these trends are currently ongoing and promise to be utilized even more as time goes on. The major push for some of these trends is as a result of the pandemic. This is particularly the case with the trends that involve less social interaction.